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For quark fields, 6 flavors, 3 colors and 2 components accounting for spin ("spin-up" and "spin-down") are required (6X3X2 = 36). (Quarks are fermions, which means only the two spin states + times Plank's constant.) For gluon fields there are 8 directions in space, with each direction having 6 fields (3 electric + 3 magnetic) (8X6 = 48). Theoretically, though, in a vacuum, all objects would fall at the same rate. If you have a thousand of them, then you will see them decay at a rate which depends on the probability tha any one will decay.

Pages: 287

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company (April 1999)

ISBN: 9810234783

Quantum Field Theory

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