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All this ought to have had the clearness of noon-day, even to the veriest idiot that ever lived; and Therese was, properly speaking, exactly that. My fidelity and steadfastness had been guaranteed by her and no one else. Humanity�s Thi rd Epochal Event: The Domestication Revolution There are dry and wet seasons in the tropical rain forests where gorillas and chimpanzees live, and they must seasonably change their diets to adapt to available foods.� Beyond those rainforests, seasonal variation is more pronounced and, once the easy meat was gone, people survived by engaging in the hunter-gatherer lifestyle familiar to today�s humans.� A sexual division of labor existed: men hunted and women gathered.� Men had the strength and speed required to hunt wary animals, particularly large game, while women were less mobile, partly due to caring for children.� Gravettian mammoth villages probably hosted humanity�s first semi-sedentary populations, but that short-lived situation ended when mammoths did.� The primary necessity for a sedentary population�s survival was a local and stable energy supply.� One energy supply tactic, as could be seen with those mammoth hunters, was storing food in permafrost �freezers.�� Seasonal settlements existed where people subsisted on migrating animals or when certain plants had a harvestable and seasonal stage of development.� Although eating roots has a long history in the human line, permanent sedentism began by harvesting nuts and seeds.� In th e Levant, in a swath of land that includes today�s Israel and Syria, about 13.5 kya the Kebaran culture (c. 18 kya to 12.5 kya) made acorns and pistachios a dietary staple. [591] � Mortars and pestles were in the Kebaran toolkit for processing acorns, which must be pounded into a paste and soaked to leach out tannins, and that work fell exclusively to women.� Domestication often meant artificial selection to reduce/remove plant features that protected against grazing.� That made the plants more palatable to humans, but it also made them more attractive to other animals.� What all major crops developed by humans had in common was the domesticated plants' existence in tropical or warm temperate regions with a dry season.� Those plants developed strategies to survive the dry season and stored energy in seeds, roots, and legumes.� People learned to exploit that stored energy and they domesticated those plants.� Many of today�s domestic crops could not survive in the wild, and protecting crops from other animals and competition from other plants has been an integral part of the Domestication Revolution. [592] � Similarly, many domestic animals would have a difficult time surviving in the wild, including people.

Pages: 386

Publisher: Adegi Graphics LLC; Elibron Classics series edition (2011)

ISBN: B004IIFFUK

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