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Funded by the Waste Isolation Division of Westinghouse Electric Corp. When coal burns, the sulfur goes into the air as sulfur dioxide. Those emissions are only going to increase as Canada ramps up to the 5 million barrels per day already approved for extraction, said Simon Dyer, policy director for the Pembina Institute, a Canadian non-profit focused on developing sustainable energy solutions. “The impacts today are actually irrelevant compared to the tripling of emissions that hasn’t yet expressed itself on the landscape,” Dyer said. “At a time when we need to be de-carbonizing our economy and making moves to lower our sources of carbon energy, clearly oil sands are a step in the wrong direction.” Whether mining tar sands oil makes sense financially, depends on the world market price of oil—and on whether a company has already paid off its infrastructure costs or is building a new mine.

Pages: 240

Publisher: Instrumentation Systems & (April 1993)

ISBN: 1556172109

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The project consists of surface oil sands mining, a bitumen extraction plant, and on-site bitumen upgrading that includes coking and hydrotreating operations. The product is sweet synthetic crude oil (SCO), as well as diesel, naphtha, and petroleum coke. Aerial view of the Horizon oil sands facility. The process for producing bitumen via surface mining was covered in detail in last week’s article Natural Gas & Electric Industries Analysis (2002) (Natural Gas and Electric Power Industries Analysis). The oil shale deposits are in three structural and sedimentary basins that have been recently assessed: Estimated total in-place resources are about 1.5 trillion barrels of oil for the Piceance Basin, about 1.3 trillion barrels of oil for the Uinta Basin and 1.4 trillion barrels of oil in the Greater Green River Basin Freeing the Nuclear Industry (Surrey Energy Economics Discussion Papers). This was primarily due to increased domestic natural gas production, which reduced prices. Other factors included increased coal prices, stricter environmental regulations, and expansion of natural gas pipelines. [175] [176] [177] [178] * In 2012, both coal and natural gas fuels were competitive for generating baseload capacity under differing circumstances in different regions of the U Magnetic Anisotropies in Nanostructured Matter (Condensed Matter Physics).

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